Found in the western Atlantic Ocean from Massachusetts, USA to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the West Indies. The greatest concentrations are off south Florida and it is there that the biggest specimans are taken. Permit are essentially shallow water schooling fish occurring over sandy flats and reefs in depths of from 1 to 17 fathoms. They normally travel in schools of ten or more fish, though occassionally they may be seen in great numbers. They feed in much the same way as bonefish, rooting in the sand on shallow flats, though they rarely stir much mud or marl. Their diet consists primarily of mollusks, crustaceans, sea urchins, and less commonly, of smaller fish. Fishing methods include casting to fish sighted in shallow water, bottom fishing, fishing over inshore wrecks, and jigging from boats or while wading. Baits and lures include crabs, shrimp, clams, conch, streamer flies, bonefish jigs, weighted bucktails, plugs, etc. The permit is considered an excellent eating fish.